Heart Problems /

Complex congenital heart disease

01 In Brief

Heart disease develops before birth is known as congenital heart disease. They are broadly divided into two groups cyanotic (baby is blue) and acyanotic (baby is not blue) congenital heart disease. There are many different heart conditions, ranging from mild to serious and those with major heart disease often require surgical intervention the first year of life. A routine 20 week fetal anomaly scan may detect a significant complex congenital heart problem and will allow for optimal planning of delivery and medical intervention in a centre that specialises in paediatric cardiology and paediatric cardiac surgery.

02 What Do I Need To Know?

 congenital heart disease occurs in approximately 1:100 children. The resources listed below have extensive and well written professional and qualified information about complexities surrounding congenital heart disease.


  •  There are a  number of genetic disorders that are associated with congenital heart defects The list  includes the most common ones and theirare links to Flourish pages on each topic 
  • Downs syndrome
  • Turner syndrome
  • Noonan Syndrome
  • Marfan syndrome  
  • Williams syndrome
  • Velo-Cardio-Facial  Syndrome


03 What Others Say

  • The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne Department of cardiology has an excellent series of fact sheets on heart defects including:
    •  Absent pulmonary valve syndrome
    •  Aortic stenosis
    •  Atrial septal defect
    •  Coarctation of the aorta
    •  Corrected transposition of the great arteries
    •  Double inlet left ventricle
    •  Double outlet right ventricle
    •  Fallots tetralogy
    •  Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
    •  Interrupted aortic arch
    •  Persistent ductus arteriosus
    •  Pulmonary atresia
    •  pulmonary stenosis
    •  Total of anomalous pulmonary venous drainage
    •  Transpositions of the great arteries
    •  Tricuspid atresia
    •  Truncus arteriosus
    •  ventricular septal defect
  • The march of dimes has a general fact sheet on congenital heart disease

 Congenital heart disease: March of dimes

  • Tiny Tickers.org is an independent, national charity, based in the UK that is concerned with improving the care of babies with congenital heart disease before birth. Their website contains helpful information particularly for those in home a heart defect is diagnosed  Before birth.

 Tiny Tickers.org


04 I Want To Know More

  • About kids health trust and answers from the hospital for sick children Toronto has an excellent summary

 Genetics and heart conditions

  •  Cove Point foundation - Congenital heart disease is a free public website supported by a grant from the Cove point foundation under the direction of cardiologist from the Taussig children's heart centre, John Hopkins University.

 Cove Point foundation congenital heart disease

  • Mayo clinic  has a series of slideshows showing common types of congenital heart defects:

 Slide show: congenital heart defects

  • Velo-Cardio-facial Syndrome Educational foundation







The information published here has been reviewed by Flourish Paediatrics and represents the available published literature at the time of review.
The information is not intended to take the place of medical advice.
Please seek advice from a qualified healthcare professional.
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Last updated: 06/02/2011