Birth Abnormalities /

Birth Marks

01 In Brief

Birthmarks are very common in infants and can be either vascular when they involve growth of blood vessels or variations of pigmentation. Vascular birthmarks may be present at birth such as port wine stains or appear soon after e.g. strawberry naevi. Correct diagnosis and advice is critical.


02 What Do I Need To Know?


Isolated finding

  • Haemagiomas
  • Port wine stains
  • Venous malformations

Associated with various conditions and syndromes

  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome
  • Spinal Cord Birthmarks
  • Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome
  • Lymphatic Malformations
  • Multifocal Lymphangioendotheliomatosis with Thrombocytopeni


Melanocytic neavus

Cafe au lait


03 What Others Say

  • Royal Children's hospital Melbourne: Dept of Dermatology

Haemangiomas of infancy

Port wine stains

  • Medline Plus

Port wine stains


  • Congenital melanocytic naevi

DermNetNZ Congenital melanocytic naevi

04 I Want To Know More

  • Vascular Birth marks Foundation VBMF

A not for profit support and information site for children with vascular birthmarks


Port wine stains


  • Royal Childrens Hospital Melbourne

Dermatologic laser therapy

  • DermNet NZ

Infantile haemangioma

05 Clinicians Tools and Resources

  • Medscape reference: infantile haemangioma medication

Beta-adrenergic Blocker

  • Pediatrics July 25  2011 Marcia Hogeling

A Randomised Controlled Trial of Propranolol for Infantile Hemangiomas

  • American Family Physician: 2008 jan1, 777(1):56-60

Newborn skin: Part ll Birthmarks

  • Strawberry haemangioma: topical treatment 

Treatment of haemangioma with Timlol eye gel one drop bd and rub into affected area


The information published here has been reviewed by Flourish Paediatrics and represents the available published literature at the time of review.
The information is not intended to take the place of medical advice.
Please seek advice from a qualified healthcare professional.
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Last updated: 21/06/2011